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Hopf Bifurcation Analysis for a Delayed Business Cycle Model-The Equivalence of Multiple Time Scales Versus Center Manifold Reduction Methods
  
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KeyWord:Business cycle; Hopf bifurcation; Normal form; Multiple time scales; Center manifold reduction
Author NameAffiliation
Xiaolin Zhen Department of Mathematics, Northeast Forestry University, Harbin, Heilongjiang 150040, China 
Yuting Ding Department of Mathematics, Northeast Forestry University, Harbin, Heilongjiang 150040, China 
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Abstract:
      In this paper, we study the Hopf bifurcation of a model with a second order term, which is the business cycle model with delay. Multiple time scales method, which is mainly used by the engineering researchers, and center manifold reduction method, which is mainly used by researchers from mathematical society, are used to derive the two types of normal forms near the Hopf critical point. A comparison between the two methods shows that the two normal forms are equivalent. Scholars can derive the normal form by choosing appropriate methods according to their actual demands. Moreover, bifurcation analysis and numerical simulations are given to verify the analytical predictions.